Favorite Rose Bushes
Rose, our national flower is among the most popular garden plants. For centuries, gardeners have been passionate about their culture and hybridization. Throughout our history, no flower has been so loved, so revered, as the rose. This symbol of love, has thrilled gardeners with it's fragrance, vast variety and beauty.
The different categories of rose bushes are:
Hybrid Teas - Individual, large classic blooms are produced all season long on sturdy stems. Require a protective sight, winter water and mulch to ensure survival. Use as long stem cut flowers.
Floribunda - These easy to grow plants produce flowers that are smaller than a hybrid tea and in bouquet-like clusters. A superb choice for mass planting, as they provide blooms all summer.
Grandiflora - This group of roses combines the most dramatic features of both the hybrid tea and floribunda. Generally tall, these plants have more, but slightly smaller blooms in clusters of 3 to 5.
Climbers - Clusters of smaller flowers adorn long arching canes of 6 feet or more in height. Excellent for use on trellises, arbors or fences in full sun location.
Miniatures - These plants are dwarf versions of hybrid tea, floribunda and climbers. They have tiny flowers and some plants are as small as 5 inches in height. Generally, miniatures grow 12" -24" in height. Generally, miniatures bloom earlier and longer than standard roses. They are quite hardy when given protection with mulch and winter watering.
Shrub/Old Garden Roses - These plants produce beautiful masses of flowers on arching branches and are excellent choices when extreme winter hardiness and low maintenance are desired. Some varieties will repeat blooms, while others will not. Antique varieties of shrub roses are know as Old Garden Roses.
Tips on growing roses in Colorado:
- Planting site - Well drained, at least 8 hours of sun per day, some shelter to protect from prevailing winds.
- Planting directions - Dig the hole twice the size of the root ball, but no deeper. Back fill with amended soil (mix peat moss with existing soil - half and half).
- Watering - Roses should be watered deeply, but infrequently. Occasional water during dry winter periods will help them survive.
- Fertilizing - Feed your roses with Fertilome Rose Food with Systemic, four times during the growing season. Do not feed after August 15.
- Pruning - Prune all rose bushes except climbers in April. Climbing roses get pruned after they bloom. Diseased or damaged wood can be pruned any time of the year.
- Winterizing Roses - Mulching - a good mulch keeps the soil evenly moist, insulates it from rapid temperature fluctuations and reduces erosion by wind and water. After the first frost, apply rose collar, filled with mulch to protect the graft union from winter kill. Remove rose collar in early spring. Winter watering greatly improves the survival of rose bushes in Colorado.